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Issue 6, 2006

The spinning processes for spider silk

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Abstract

This paper summarizes recent work in our groups on the factors that influence the formation of spider silks during the spinning process. The review encompasses: (a) extrusion variables that greatly affect the mechanical properties of the silk filaments; such as rate and temperature at spinning as well as the post-drawn treatment and (b) other factors affecting the conformation transition of the spider silk proteins (spidroin) such as pH and metallic ions. The observations taken together imply that the spinning process is at least as central as, and probably more important than, the composition of the ‘raw’ protein spinning solution. This conclusion leads us to suggest that in the future high-performance, artificial ‘spider’ silks may be spun from a range of solutions of silk and synthetic proteins.

Graphical abstract: The spinning processes for spider silk

Article information


Submitted
26 Jan 2006
Accepted
05 Apr 2006
First published
09 May 2006

Soft Matter, 2006,2, 448-451
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The spinning processes for spider silk

X. Chen, Z. Shao and F. Vollrath, Soft Matter, 2006, 2, 448 DOI: 10.1039/B601286H

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