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Issue 15, 2006
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Organometallic chemistry on periodic mesoporous organosilicas: generation of surface-confined zinc and yttrium centres

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Abstract

Periodic mesoporous ethylenesilicas with hexagonal P6mm and cubic Fm3m/Pm3n symmetry were prepared by using divalent surfactant C16–3–1 and binary surfactant mixtures C18–3–1 and C18TABr as structure-directing agents, respectively, under basic conditions. A tetramethyldisilazane-based surface silylation was carried out under mild conditions affording hybrid materials SiHMe2@PMO[MCM-41], SiHMe2@PMO[KIT-5] and SiHMe2@PMO[SBA-1], corresponding to silanol group populations of ca. 1.46, 0.67 and 1.63 mmol g−1, respectively. New molecular zinc precursor compounds Zn[N(SiHMe2)2]2 and EtZn(OSiHtBu2) were synthesized via salt metathesis and alkane elimination procedures from ZnCl2 and LiN[SiH(CH3)2]2, HOSiHtBu2 and ZnEt2, respectively. Organozinc and organoyttrium complexes were reacted with the surface silanol groups according to a heterogeneously performed silylamide route, aswell as an alkane elimination reaction, yielding Zn[N(SiHMe2)2]@PMO[MCM-41], Zn[N(SiHMe2)2]@PMO[KIT-5], Zn[N(SiHMe2)2]@PMO[SBA-1], Zn[N(SiMe3)2]@PMO[MCM-41], Zn[N(SiMe3)2]@PMO[KIT-5], Zn[N(SiMe3)2]@PMO[SBA-1], Y[N(SiHMe2)2]x(THF)y@PMO[MCM-41], Y[N(SiHMe2)2]x(THF)y@PMO[KIT-5], Y[N(SiHMe2)2]x(THF)y@PMO[SBA-1] and Zn(OSiHtBu2)@PMO[MCM-41]. The metal loading mainly depended on the surface silanol group population, size and shape of metal-coordinated ligand, and reaction time as shown for Zn contents in the range of 4.2 to 10.6 wt%. In addition, a preferred N(SiHMe2)2/OC6H2tBu2-2,6-Me-4 ligand exchangeability was found for the large yttrium surface centres. The parent and functionalized materials were characterized by powder X-ray diffraction, elemental analysis, N2 physisorption, FTIR, 13C CP and 1H MAS NMR spectroscopy.

Graphical abstract: Organometallic chemistry on periodic mesoporous organosilicas: generation of surface-confined zinc and yttrium centres

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Article information


Submitted
21 Nov 2005
Accepted
30 Jan 2006
First published
23 Feb 2006

Dalton Trans., 2006, 1909-1918
Article type
Paper

Organometallic chemistry on periodic mesoporous organosilicas: generation of surface-confined zinc and yttrium centres

Y. Liang and R. Anwander, Dalton Trans., 2006, 1909
DOI: 10.1039/B516444C

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