Anion-templated assembly of interpenetrated and interlocked structures
The rational development of a general anion templation strategy for the construction of a variety of interpenetrated and interlocked molecular structures based upon the coupling of anion recognition with ion-pairing is described. The success of this anion templation methodology is demonstrated with the halide anion directed assembly of a series of novel pseudorotaxanes containing pyridinium, pyridinium nicotinamide, imidazolium, benzimidazolium and guanidinium threading components and anion binding macrocyclic ligands. Interlocked rotaxane and catenane molecular structures are also synthesised using this anion templation protocol. These interlocked structures feature unique topologically defined hydrogen bond donating binding domains that exhibit a high degree of selectivity for chloride, the templating anion. A series of rhenium(I) bipyridyl containing pseudorotaxane assemblies and a rotaxane further highlight the potential this strategic anion templation approach has in future chemical sensor design and fabrication.
- This article is part of the themed collection: In celebration of Paul Beer’s 60th Birthday