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Issue 3-4, 2006
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Molecular mechanisms of ethylene signaling in Arabidopsis

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Abstract

Ethylene is a gaseous plant hormone involved in several important physiological processes throughout a plant's life cycle. Decades of scientific research devoted to deciphering how plants are able to sense and respond to this key molecule have culminated in the establishment of one of the best characterized signal transduction pathways in plants. The ethylene signaling pathway starts with the perception of this gaseous hormone by a family of membrane-anchored receptors followed by a Raf-like kinase CTR1 that is physically associated with the receptors and actively inhibits downstream components of the pathway. A major gap is represented by the mysterious plant protein EIN2 that genetically works downstream of CTR1 and upstream of the key transcription factor EIN3. Transcriptional regulation by EIN3 and EIN3-family members has emerged as a key aspect of ethylene responses. The major components of this transcriptional cascade have been characterized and the involvement of post-transcriptional control by ubiquitination has been determined. Nevertheless, many aspects of this pathway still remain unknown. Recent genomic studies aiming to provide a more comprehensive view of modulation of gene expression have further emphasized the ample role of ethylene in a myriad of cellular processes and particularly in its crosstalk with other important plant hormones. This review aims to serve as a guide to the main scientific discoveries that have shaped the field of ethylene biology in the recent years.

Graphical abstract: Molecular mechanisms of ethylene signaling in Arabidopsis

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Article information


Submitted
30 Sep 2005
Accepted
16 Dec 2005
First published
19 Jan 2006

Mol. BioSyst., 2006,2, 165-173
Article type
Review Article

Molecular mechanisms of ethylene signaling in Arabidopsis

L. M. Benavente and J. M. Alonso, Mol. BioSyst., 2006, 2, 165
DOI: 10.1039/B513874D

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