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Issue 18, 2006
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Air and water stable ionic liquids in physical chemistry

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Ionic liquids are defined today as liquids which solely consist of cations and anions and which by definition must have a melting point of 100 °C or below. Originating from electrochemistry in AlCl3 based liquids an enormous progress was made during the recent 10 years to synthesize ionic liquids that can be handled under ambient conditions, and today about 300 ionic liquids are already commercially available. Whereas the main interest is still focussed on organic and technical chemistry, various aspects of physical chemistry in ionic liquids are discussed now in literature. In this review article we give a short overview on physicochemical aspects of ionic liquids, such as physical properties of ionic liquids, nanoparticles, nanotubes, batteries, spectroscopy, thermodynamics and catalysis of/in ionic liquids. The focus is set on air and water stable ionic liquids as they will presumably dominate various fields of chemistry in future.

Graphical abstract: Air and water stable ionic liquids in physical chemistry

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The article was received on 12 Jan 2006, accepted on 24 Feb 2006 and first published on 17 Mar 2006

Article type: Invited Article
DOI: 10.1039/B600519P
Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2006,8, 2101-2116

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    Air and water stable ionic liquids in physical chemistry

    F. Endres and S. Zein El Abedin, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2006, 8, 2101
    DOI: 10.1039/B600519P

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