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Issue 12, 2005
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Glacial–interglacial changes in the occurrence of Pb, Cd, Cu and Zn in Vostok Antarctic ice from 240 000 to 410 000 years BP

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Abstract

Lead (Pb), cadmium (Cd), copper (Cu) and zinc (Zn) have been measured by electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry in various sections of the 3623 m deep ice core drilled at Vostok, in central East Antarctica. The sections were dated from 240 to 410 kyear BP (Marine Isotopic Stages (MIS) 7.5 to 11.3), which corresponds to the 3rd and 4th glacial–interglacial cycles before present. Concentrations are found to have varied greatly during this 170 kyear time period, with high concentration values during the coldest climatic stages such as MIS 8.4 and 10.2 and much lower concentration values during warmer periods, such as the interglacials MIS 7.5, 9.3 and 11.3. Rock and soil dust were the dominant sources for Pb, whatever the period, and for Zn and Cu and possibly Cd during cold climatic stages. The contribution from volcanic emissions was important for Cd during all periods and might have been significant for Cu and Zn during warm periods.

Graphical abstract: Glacial–interglacial changes in the occurrence of Pb, Cd, Cu and Zn in Vostok Antarctic ice from 240 000 to 410 000 years BP

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Publication details

The article was received on 23 May 2005, accepted on 07 Oct 2005 and first published on 25 Oct 2005


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B507331F
J. Environ. Monit., 2005,7, 1326-1331

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    Glacial–interglacial changes in the occurrence of Pb, Cd, Cu and Zn in Vostok Antarctic ice from 240 000 to 410 000 years BP

    S. Hong, C. F. Boutron, C. Barbante, S. Do Hur, K. Lee, P. Gabrielli, G. Capodaglio, C. P. Ferrari, C. Turetta, J. R. Petit and V. Y. Lipenkov, J. Environ. Monit., 2005, 7, 1326
    DOI: 10.1039/B507331F

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