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Issue 2, 2005
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Environmental effects on vibrational proton dynamics in H5O2+: DFT study on crystalline H5O2+ClO4

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Abstract

The structure as well as IR and inelastic neutron scattering (INS) spectra of H5O2+ in crystalline H5O2+ClO4 were simulated using Car–Parrinello molecular dynamics with the BLYP functional. The potential of the O⋯H+⋯O fragment is very shallow. The Pnma structure, assumed in the X-ray study to be the most suitable choice, is a saddle point on the potential energy surface, while the P212121 minimum structure is only 20 cm−1 lower in energy. The computed INS and IR spectra enable us to achieve a complete assignment of the observed spectra. The broad band between 1000 and 1400 cm−1 is due to the asymmetric stretch and one of the bending vibrations of the O⋯H+⋯O fragment, while the band between 1600 and 1800 cm−1 is due to the bending vibration of the water molecules and the second bending of the O⋯H+⋯O fragment. Comparison with the vibrational spectra of isolated H5O2+, obtained using Born–Oppenheimer molecular dynamics simulation, reveals environmental effects on vibrational proton dynamics in strong H-bonded species. The most pronounced changes are found for the O⋯H+⋯O bending modes because the two bending coordinates become distinctly different for the structure that the H5O2+ ion assumes in the crystal.

Graphical abstract: Environmental effects on vibrational proton dynamics in H5O2+: DFT study on crystalline H5O2+ClO4−

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Publication details

The article was received on 18 Aug 2004, accepted on 18 Nov 2004 and first published on 10 Dec 2004


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B412795A
Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2005,7, 258-263

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    Environmental effects on vibrational proton dynamics in H5O2+: DFT study on crystalline H5O2+ClO4

    M. V. Vener and J. Sauer, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2005, 7, 258
    DOI: 10.1039/B412795A

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