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Issue 3, 2005
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Pharmaceutical counterfeiting

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Pharmaceutical counterfeiting is becoming a serious problem both in developed and developing countries. This paper considers the extent of the problem and provides several examples of drugs which have been counterfeited. Additionally, the effects of counterfeit products on consumers, health care providers, drug manufacturers and governments are discussed. Several of the currently used methods of detection are described and these include near-infrared spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, isotopic characterization, tensiography, chromatographic and mass spectrometric approaches. Finally, anti-counterfeiting measures such as the use of holograms, tracers and taggants and electronic tracking are summarized.

Graphical abstract: Pharmaceutical counterfeiting

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The article was received on 21 May 2004, accepted on 25 Nov 2004 and first published on 14 Dec 2004

Article type: Tutorial Review
DOI: 10.1039/B407759H
Analyst, 2005,130, 271-279

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    Pharmaceutical counterfeiting

    A. K. Deisingh, Analyst, 2005, 130, 271
    DOI: 10.1039/B407759H

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