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Issue 2, 2004
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A diffuse reflectance comparative study of benzil inclusion within microcrystalline cellulose and β-cyclodextrin

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Abstract

Diffuse reflectance and laser-induced techniques were used to study photochemical and photophysical processes of benzil adsorbed on two solid powdered supports, microcrystalline cellulose and β-cyclodextrin. In both substrates, a distribution of ground-state benzil conformers exists, largely dominated by skew conformations where the carbonyl groups are twisted one to the other. Room temperature phosphorescence was observed in air-equilibrated samples in both cases. The decay times vary greatly and the largest lifetime was obtained for benzil/β-cyclodextrin, showing that this host’s cavity accommodates benzil well, enhancing its room temperature phosphorescence. Triplet–triplet absorption of benzil entrapped in cellulose was detected and benzil ketyl radical formation also occurred. With benzil included into β-cyclodextrin, and following laser excitation, benzoyl radicals were detected on the millisecond timescale. Product analysis and identification of laser-irradiated benzil samples in the two hosts clearly showed that the main degradation photoproducts were benzoic acid and benzaldehyde. The main differences were a larger benzoic acid/benzaldehyde ratio in the case of cellulose and the formation of benzyl alcohol in this support.

Graphical abstract: A diffuse reflectance comparative study of benzil inclusion within microcrystalline cellulose and β-cyclodextrin

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Article information


Submitted
14 Jul 2003
Accepted
08 Sep 2003
First published
24 Sep 2003

Photochem. Photobiol. Sci., 2004,3, 174-181
Article type
Paper

A diffuse reflectance comparative study of benzil inclusion within microcrystalline cellulose and β-cyclodextrin

L. F. Vieira Ferreira, I. Ferreira Machado, J. P. Da Silva and A. S. Oliveira, Photochem. Photobiol. Sci., 2004, 3, 174
DOI: 10.1039/B307956B

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