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Issue 4, 2004
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Remote LIBS with ultrashort pulses: characteristics in picosecond and femtosecond regimes

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Abstract

Using a container-integrated mobile femtosecond terawatt laser system with integrated detection unit (Teramobile), we have demonstrated remote laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (R-LIBS) on copper and aluminium samples with targets located at 25 m away from the container. The ability of our laser system to generate pulses in the femtosecond, picosecond and nanosecond regimes allowed us to perform direct comparisons between these three pulse durations. The dependence of the fluorescence signal on laser pulse energy showed a nonlinear behavior with a threshold, which is consistent with the previous observations for laser ablation. Such nonlinear behavior leads to a dependence of the LIBS signal on the temporal-spectral shape of the laser pulse. We showed especially that the transform-limited pulse does not optimize the fluorescence. A properly applied chirp allows an increase of the LIBS signal. Understanding and optimization of the chirp effect would improve the detection limit of the LIBS using a femtosecond laser (Femto-LIBS) and lead to a larger detection distance. Furthermore the use of pulse shaping should enhance the detection specificity for the cases of spectral overlapping between several elements to be identified.

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Article information


Submitted
15 Dec 2003
Accepted
23 Feb 2004
First published
04 Mar 2004

J. Anal. At. Spectrom., 2004,19, 437-444
Article type
Paper

Remote LIBS with ultrashort pulses: characteristics in picosecond and femtosecond regimes

Ph. Rohwetter, J. Yu, G. Méjean, K. Stelmaszczyk, E. Salmon, J. Kasparian, J.-P. Wolf and L. Wöste, J. Anal. At. Spectrom., 2004, 19, 437
DOI: 10.1039/B316343A

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