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Issue 24, 2004
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Proton induced P–H and Mo–H bond activation at the phosphide bridged dimolybdenum complexes [Mo2Cp2(µ-H)(µ-PHR)(CO)4] (R = Cy, 2,4,6-C6H2R′3; R′ = H, Me, tBu)

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Abstract

The new hydride complexes [Mo2Cp2(µ-H)(µ-PHR)(CO)4] having bulky substituents (R = 2,4,6-C6H2tBu3 = Mes*, R = 2,4,6-C6H2Me3 = Mes) have been prepared in good yield by addition of Li[PHR] to the triply bonded [Mo2Cp2(CO)4] and further protonation of the resulting anionic phosphide complex [Mo2Cp2(µ-PHR)(CO)4]. Protonation of the Mes* compound with either [H(OEt2)2][B{3,5-C6H3(CF3)2}4] or HBF4·OEt2 gives the cationic phosphinidene complex [Mo2Cp2(µ-H)(µ-PMes*)(CO)4]+ in high yield. In contrast, protonation of the analogous hydride compounds with Mes or Cy substituents on phosphorus give the corresponding unsaturated tetracarbonyls [Mo2Cp2(µ-PHR)(CO)4]+, which are unstable at room temperature and display a cis geometry. Decomposition of the latter give the electron-precise pentacarbonyls [Mo2Cp2(µ-PHR)(µ-CO)(CO)4]+, also displaying a cis arrangement of the metal fragments. In the presence of BF4 as external anion, fluoride abstraction competes with carbonylation to yield the neutral fluorophosphide hydrides [Mo2Cp2(µ-H)(µ-PFR)(CO)4]. Similar results were obtained in the protonation reactions of the hydride compounds having a Ph substituent on phosphorus. In that case, using HCl as protonation reagent gave the chloro-complex [Mo2ClCp2(µ-PHPh)(CO)4] in good yield. The structures and dynamic behaviour of the new compounds are analyzed on the basis of solution IR and 1H, 31P, 19F and 13C NMR data as well as the X-ray studies carried out on [Mo2Cp2(µ-H)(µ-PHMes)(CO)4] (cis isomer), [Mo2Cp2(µ-H)(µ-PFMes)(CO)4] (trans isomer), [Mo2Cp2(µ-PHCy)(µ-CO)(CO)4](BF4) and [Mo2ClCp2(µ-PHPh)(CO)4].

Graphical abstract: Proton induced P–H and Mo–H bond activation at the phosphide bridged dimolybdenum complexes [Mo2Cp2(µ-H)(µ-PHR)(CO)4] (R = Cy, 2,4,6-C6H2R′3; R′ = H, Me, tBu)

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
20 Aug 2004
Accepted
29 Oct 2004
First published
15 Nov 2004

Dalton Trans., 2004, 4168-4179
Article type
Paper

Proton induced P–H and Mo–H bond activation at the phosphide bridged dimolybdenum complexes [Mo2Cp2(µ-H)(µ-PHR)(CO)4] (R = Cy, 2,4,6-C6H2R′3; R′ = H, Me, tBu)

C. M. Alvarez, M. A. Alvarez, D. García-Vivó, M. E. García, M. A. Ruiz, D. Sáez, L. R. Falvello, T. Soler and P. Herson, Dalton Trans., 2004, 4168
DOI: 10.1039/B412875C

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