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Issue 21, 2004
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The performance of the semi-empirical AM1 method on small and nanometre-sized N2O clusters

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Large N2O clusters containing up to 177 molecules were simulated using the semiempirical AM1 method. Simulated spectra of different cluster sizes show excellent agreement with experimental spectra. The vibrational band shape of the strong N–N stretching vibration is more strongly influenced by shape and size than that of the N–O stretching vibration. Stabilization energies and spectral band shapes confirm a crystal like structure of N2O clusters generated in supersonic jet expansions. The AM1 results are carefully checked against experiment and high-level ab initio methods. Overall, AM1 reproduces experimental results (structure and vibrational frequencies) and MP2 dissociation energies of small N2O clusters far better than any other quantum mechanical method studied here, although AM1 is not explicitly calibrated for the (N2O)n van der Waals system. The good performance of AM1 allows us to simulate N2O clusters built from hundreds of molecules, a size range neither accessible by ab initio nor by continuum methods.

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Publication details

The article was received on 17 Jun 2004, accepted on 29 Jul 2004 and first published on 13 Sep 2004

Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B409258A
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2004,6, 4939-4949

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    The performance of the semi-empirical AM1 method on small and nanometre-sized N2O clusters

    T. Häber, R. Kevorkiants, W. Thiel and M. A. Suhm, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2004, 6, 4939
    DOI: 10.1039/B409258A

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