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Issue 7, 2004
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Direct detection of renal function markers using microchip CE with pulsed electrochemical detection

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Abstract

Creatinine, creatine, and uric acid are three important compounds that are measured in a variety of clinical assays, most notably for renal function. Traditional clinical assays for these compounds have focused on the use of enzymes or chemical reactions. Electrophoretic microchips have the potential to integrate separation power of capillary electrophoresis with devices that are small, portable, and have the speed of conventional sensors. The development of a microchip CE system for the direct detection of creatinine, creatine, and uric acid is presented. The device uses pulsed amperometric detection (PAD) to detect the nitrogen-containing compounds as well as the easily oxidizable uric acid. Baseline separation of creatinine, creatine and uric acid was achieved using 30 mM borate buffer (pH = 9.4) in less than 200 s. Linear calibration curves were obtained with limits of detection of 80 µM, 250 µM and 270 µM for creatinine, creatine and uric acid respectively. An optimization of the separation conditions and a comparison of PAD with other amperometric detection modes is also shown. Finally, analysis of a real urine sample is presented with validation of creatinine concentrations using a clinical assay kit based on the Jaffé reaction.

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Article information


Submitted
08 Mar 2004
Accepted
17 Apr 2004
First published
12 May 2004

Analyst, 2004,129, 579-584
Article type
Paper

Direct detection of renal function markers using microchip CE with pulsed electrochemical detection

C. D. Garcia and C. S. Henry, Analyst, 2004, 129, 579
DOI: 10.1039/B403529A

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