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Issue 12, 2004
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Bis(phenylthienyl)ethene-tethered β-cyclodextrin dimers as photoswitchable hosts

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Abstract

Two β-cyclodextrin dimers tethered by photoswitchable bis(phenylthienyl)ethene moieties were synthesized as potentially tunable receptor molecules. The cyclodextrin cavities of these dimers were linked via their secondary sides, with the photochromic bis(phenylthienyl)ethene unit either directly connected to the secondary rim (7) or via propyl spacers (10). By irradiation with light the dimers were reversibly switched between a relatively flexible (open) form and a rigid (closed) form. The photostationary states for both dimers consisted of 92% of the open and 8% of the closed form, enabling the nearly complete conversion between the two forms. The binding properties of the open and closed forms of dimers 7 and 10 were assessed by complexation studies with meso-tetrakis(4-sulfonatophenyl)porphyrin (TSPP) using isothermal titration calorimetry. For the rigidly tethered dimer 7, a factor 8 difference in binding affinity between the open and closed form of the dimer was found. This difference in binding affinity reflects the difference in enthalpy of binding for the two dimers, indicating that the β-cyclodextrin cavities of the closed dimer 7b are spaced too far apart from each other by the rigid closed bis(phenylthienyl)ethene tether to cooperatively bind TSPP. The difference in binding affinity was sufficient to enable the phototriggered release of TSPP from dimer 7. The thermodynamic parameters obtained for dimer 10 suggested that the closed tether substantially contributes to the binding of TSPP. The open and closed form of dimer 10 bound TSPP with similar association constants, although the enthalpy of binding for the complexation of TSPP by the closed form of dimer 10 was more favorable than that found for the open form of the dimer.

Graphical abstract: Bis(phenylthienyl)ethene-tethered β-cyclodextrin dimers as photoswitchable hosts

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Publication details

The article was received on 12 Feb 2004, accepted on 13 Apr 2004 and first published on 24 May 2004


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B402146K
Org. Biomol. Chem., 2004,2, 1748-1755

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    Bis(phenylthienyl)ethene-tethered β-cyclodextrin dimers as photoswitchable hosts

    A. Mulder, A. Juković, J. Huskens and David. N. Reinhoudt, Org. Biomol. Chem., 2004, 2, 1748
    DOI: 10.1039/B402146K

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