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Issue 19, 2004
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Structure and reactivity of V2O5: bulk solid, nanosized clusters, species supported on silica and alumina, cluster cations and anions

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Abstract

Vanadyl bond dissociation energies are calculated by density functional theory (DFT). While the hybrid (B3LYP) functional results are close to the available reference data, gradient corrected functionals (BP86, PBE) yield large errors (about 50 to 100 kJ mol−1), but reproduce trends correctly. PBE calculations on a V20O62H24 cluster model for the (001) surface of V2O5 crystals virtually reproduce periodic slab calculations. The low bond dissociation energy (formation of oxygen surface defect) of 113 kJ mol−1 (B3LYP) is due to substantial structure relaxations leading to formation of V–O–V bonds between the V2O5 layers of the crystal. This relaxation cannot occur in polyhedral (V2O5)n clusters and also not for V2O5 species supported on silica or alumina (represented by cage-type models) for which bond dissociation energies of 250–300 kJ mol−1 are calculated. The OV(OCH3)3 molecule and its dimer are also considered. Radical cations V2O5+ and V4O10+ have very low bond dissociation energies (22 and 14 kJ mol−1, respectively), while the corresponding radical anions have higher dissociation energies (about 330 kJ mol−1) than the neutral clusters. The bond dissociation energies of the closed shell V3O7+ cation (165 kJ mol−1) and the closed shell V3O8 anion (283 kJ mol−1) are closest to the values of the neutral clusters. This makes them suitable for gas phase studies which aim at comparisons with V2O5 species on supporting oxides.

Graphical abstract: Structure and reactivity of V2O5: bulk solid, nanosized clusters, species supported on silica and alumina, cluster cations and anions

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Publication details

The article was received on 25 Feb 2004, accepted on 06 Apr 2004 and first published on 23 Jul 2004


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B402873B
Dalton Trans., 2004, 3116-3121

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    Structure and reactivity of V2O5: bulk solid, nanosized clusters, species supported on silica and alumina, cluster cations and anions

    J. Sauer and J. Döbler, Dalton Trans., 2004, 3116
    DOI: 10.1039/B402873B

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