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Issue 3, 2002
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The nitration of arenes in perfluorocarbon solvents

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Abstract

Perfluorocarbons have been used effectively as solvents and bulking agents in the reactions of toluene, benzene, phenol, benzyl chloride and chlorobenzene with nitric acid or dinitrogen pentoxide to yield highly nitrated products. Reactions are carried out in a single stage, at lower temperatures, and producing smaller amounts of waste acid than in traditional processes.

Graphical abstract: The nitration of arenes in perfluorocarbon solvents

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Article information


Submitted
17 Jan 2002
First published
21 May 2002

Green Chem., 2002,4, 275-278
Article type
Paper

The nitration of arenes in perfluorocarbon solvents

M. R. Crampton, E. L. Cropper, L. M. Gibbons and R. W. Millar, Green Chem., 2002, 4, 275
DOI: 10.1039/B200627H

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