Jump to main content
Jump to site search
Access to RSC content Close the message box

Continue to access RSC content when you are not at your institution. Follow our step-by-step guide.

Issue 3, 2002
Previous Article Next Article

Coumarins give misleading absorbance with Ellman’s reagent suggestive of thiol conjugates

Author affiliations


In the course of a screening for phytochelatins in cadmium-exposed bryophytes in the terrestrial mosses Polytrichum formosum and Atrichum undulatum we detected compounds with absorption properties and retention times similar to phytochelatins when applying the commonly used standard method RP-HPLC and post-column derivatization with thiol-specific DTNB (Ellman) reagent. Moreover, as with phytochelatins known in other plants, the concentrations of these compounds increased slightly after Cd stress. The concentration of the precursor glutathione (γ-ECG), however, increased in the presence of Cd. In order to verify the identity of these putative phytochelatins we performed LC-ESI-MS analyses as well as 1H NMR on extracts from P. formosum and A. undulatum. Spectroscopic investigations indicated that the detected compounds were neither phytochelatins nor other thiol compounds. From the results of HPLC-1H NMR and mass spectrometry we concluded that at least one of these substances was a coumarin, probably a 5,8-dihydroxy-7-methoxycoumarin-5-β-glucopyranoside, which has already been described for A. undulatum and P. formosum. The results of our investigations prove that under the basic pH conditions essential for the Ellman test for thiol compounds, coumarins show comparable UV/VIS absorption properties. Therefore, a positive post-column Ellman reaction cannot unambiguously prove the presence of thiol-containing compounds in plants.

Back to tab navigation

Article information

30 Nov 2001
21 Dec 2001
First published
30 Jan 2002

Analyst, 2002,127, 333-336
Article type

Coumarins give misleading absorbance with Ellman’s reagent suggestive of thiol conjugates

M. Berlich, S. Menge, I. Bruns, J. Schmidt, B. Schneider and G. Krauss, Analyst, 2002, 127, 333
DOI: 10.1039/B110988J

Social activity

Search articles by author