Kinetics and thermochemistry of the R+HBr⇄RH+Br (R=C2H5 or β-C2H4Cl) equilibrium An abinitio study of the bond energies in partly chlorinated ethanes and propanes
The kinetics of the reaction of ethyl and β-chloroethyl radicals with HBr have been investigated under pseudo-first-order conditions in a heatable tubular reactor. The pressure-independent rate constants determined were fitted to the following Arrhenius expression (error limits stated are 1σ+Student's t values, units in cm3 molecule-1 s-1): k(C2H5)=(1.87±0.14)×10-12 exp[+(3.7±0.2) kJ mol-1/RT] and k(β-C2H4Cl)=(5.7±1.6)×10-13 exp[+(2.2±0.8) kJ mol-1/RT]. The kinetic data were used in a second-law procedure to calculate the entropy and enthalpy of formation values for the radicals studied at 298 K (entropy in J K-1 mol-1 and enthalpy in kJ mol-1): 244±6, 120.7±2.1 (C2H5) and 271±7, 93.0±2.4 (β-C2H4Cl). The enthalpy of formation values of chloroethyl radicals were used in group additivity calculations to obtain ΔfH298° values for six monochlorinated propyl and butyl radical isomers. Extensive abinitio molecular orbital calculations at the MP4/6-311G(d,p) level were used to determine all bond energies in monochlorinated ethane and propane, and in dichlorinated ethane molecules. The global minimum structures of open- and closed-shell species needed for calculations were determined at the MP2/6-31G(d,p) level. The calculated values are in close agreement with experimentally determined bond enthalpies. The calculations show a significant effect of chlorine atom(s) on the structure of chlorinated free radicals and on the bond energies of chlorinated molecules.