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Issue 2, 1997
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Convenient, room-temperature liquid ammonia routes to metal chalcogenides

Abstract

Reaction of sulfur, selenium or tellurium with elemental metals in liquid ammonia at room temperature in a pressure vessel produced metal chalcogenides ME (M = Ca, Sr, Ba, Eu, Yb, Ni, Zn, Cd, Hg, Sn or Pb; E = S, Se or Te), Ag 2 E, solid solutions of mixed-metal chalcogenides M x M′ y E z (x + y = 1, z = 1 or 2), and metal-mixed chalcogenides MS x Se y . Products showed a range of crystallite sizes from 700 Å for PbSe and Ag 2 S to essentially amorphous (ZnS). Heating at 250–300 °C under vacuum for 2 h induced crystallinity in the amorphous powders. The pre- and post-heated metal chalcogenides were analysed by X-ray powder diffraction, Fourier-transform IR, Raman microscopy, scanning electron microscopy-energy dispersive analysis of X-rays, electron microprobe, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, elemental analysis and magnetic susceptibility studies.

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Article information


J. Chem. Soc., Dalton Trans., 1997, 231-236
Article type
Paper

Convenient, room-temperature liquid ammonia routes to metal chalcogenides

G. Henshaw, I. P. Parkin and G. A. Shaw, J. Chem. Soc., Dalton Trans., 1997, 231
DOI: 10.1039/A605665B

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