Speciation of Selenium and Arsenic Compounds by Capillary Electrophoresis With Hydrodynamically Modified Electroosmotic Flow and On-line Reduction of Selenium(VI) to Selenium(IV) With Hydride Generation Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometric Detection
Capillary electrophoresis (CE) with hydride generation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry was used to determine four arsenicals and two selenium species. Selenate (SeVI) was reduced on-line to selenite (SeIV) by mixing the CE effluent with concentrated HCl. A microporous PTFE tube was used as a gas–liquid separator to eliminate the 40Ar37Cl and 40Ar35Cl interference from 77Se and 75As, respectively. The direction of the electroosmotic flow during CE was reversed with hydrodynamic pressure, which allowed increased freedom of buffer choice. For conventional pressure injection, method detection limits for SeIV and SeVI based on seven replicate injections were 10 and 24 pg, respectively. Recoveries of SeIV and SeVI in drinking water were measured.