From Bi4V2O11 to Bi4V2O10.66: the VV–VIV transformation in the aurivillius-type framework
Bi4V2O11, the parent compound of the BIMEVOX family, has been studied by TEM and HREM, at room temperature and at high temperatures. Under the experimental conditions, Bi4V2O11 undergoes a VV–VIV reduction, ultimately leading to the formation of Bi6V3O16(Bi4V2O10.66) with VIV/VV= 1/2. This transformation is confirmed by in situ X-ray diffraction studies of Bi4V2O11 under reducing atmospheres up to 330 °C. The symmetry of the α-Bi4V2O11 polymorph, stable at ambient temperature, is dependent on the chemical purity of V2O5 used for the synthesis.