Verdazyls. Part 33. EPR and ENDOR studies of 6-oxo- and 6-thioxoverdazyls. X-Ray molecular structure of 1,3,5-triphenyl-6-oxoverdazyl and 3-tert-butyl-1,5-diphenyl-6-thioxoverdazyl
A range of 6-oxoverdazyls 2b–h and 6-thioxoverdazyls 3a–c and 3e–h has been directly prepared by dehydrogenation of the corresponding 1, 4, 5, 6-tetrahydro-1, 2, 4, 5-tetrazin-3(2H)-ones 5b–h and thiones 7a–c and 7e–hwith lead dioxide, potassium hexacyanoferrate (III), or bis(4-methylphenyl)-aminyl. X-Ray analyses reveal a nearly planar verdazyl framework for the oxoverdazyl 2a, whereas the thioxoverdazyl 3ftakes on a flat boat conformation. In the latter, owing to the bulky sulfur the N-phenyl groups are considerably twisted out of the plane of the verdazyl ring. Electronic absorption spectra of the deeply coloured radicals exhibit characteristic bands in the visible region with λmax, 1 ranging from 445 to 608 nm. EPR, ENDOR and 2H NMR studies have led to a complete analysis and full assignment of all hyperfine coupling constants. The π-SOMO of 6-oxo-2 and 6-thioxo-verdazyls 3, having nodes at C(3) and C(6), is mainly confined to the nitrogens of the verdazyl ring. Spin delocalization into the N-phenyl groups is reduced, particularly in the 6-thioxoverdazyls, owing to the large torsion angle about the N–C(phenyl) bond.