Detection of trace amounts of toxic metals in environmental samples by laser-excited atomic fluorescence spectrometry. Invited lecture
Results for the direct determination of trace amounts of Pb and Cd in Antarctic and Greenland ancient ice and recent snow by laser-excited atomic fluorescence spectrometry (LEAFS) are presented. The whole procedure starting from field sampling, mechanical decontamination of the samples in an ultra-clean laboratory and final analysis of the decontaminated samples is described. The measured concentrations varied in the ranges 0.1–3 pg ml–1 for Cd and 0.3–30 pg ml–1 for Pb. The results for direct analysis by LEAFS agree favourable with those obtained by isotope dilution mass spectrometry and electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry, which require time-consuming pre-treatment and pre-concentration stages.