Crystallographic characterization of the conformation of the 1-aminocyclohexane-1-carboxylic acid residue in simple derivatives and peptides
The crystal structures of 1-aminocyclohexane-1-carboxylic acid (H-Acc6-OH) and six derivatives (including dipeptides) have been determined. The derivatives are Boc-Acc6-OH, Boc-(Acc6)2-OH, Boc-L-Met-Acc6-OMe, ClCH2CO-Acc6-OH, p-BrC6H4CO-Acc6-OH oxazolone, and the symmetrical anhydride from Z-Acc6-OH, [(Z-Acc6)2O]. The cyclohexane rings in all the structures adopt an almost perfect chair conformation. The amino group occupies the axial position in six structures; the free amino acid is the only example where the carbonyl group occupies an axial position. The values determined for the torsion angles about the N–Cα(φ) and Cα–CO (ψ) bonds correspond to folded, potentially helical conformations for the Acc6 residue.