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Volume 67, 1971
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Electron attachment and negative ion-molecule reactions in pure oxygen

Abstract

The formation of negative ions in oxygen by electron attachment and by subsequent ion-molecule reactions has been studied in the gas phase, using a drift-tube and mass filter. Pressures ranged between 0.65 and 13 mbar (0.5–10 Torr) and reduced fields (field/density) between 3 × 10–18 and 6 × 10–16 V cm2 part.–1. At reduced fields below 10–16 V cm2 part.–1 masses 32 (O2), 64 (O4) and 50 (O2˙H2O) predominate. The O2 formed initially is converted to O4 in a three-body reaction, O2+ 2O2⇌O4+ O2, with a thermal rate constant of 3 ± 0.5 × 10–31 part.–2 ml2 s–1 at 298 K. The back reaction has a rate constant of 7 ± 1 × 10–15 part.–1 ml s–1. The hydrate concentration is related to that of the dimer via the reactions O4+ H2O⇌O2˙ H2O+ O2. The forward rate constant is estimated to be of the order of 10–9 part.–1 ml s–1, and the back measured as 2.5 ± 1 × 10–15 part.–1ml s–1.

At higher fields the initially formed mass 16 (O) is converted irreversibly to mass 48 (O3): O+ 2O2→O3+ O2. The thermal rate constant is measured as 1.05 ± 0.1 × 10–30 part. –2 ml s–1 up to pressures of at least 13 mbar, without any significant change in order. The change in the rate constants with ion collisional energy has also been followed.

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Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/TF9716700711
Trans. Faraday Soc., 1971,67, 711-729

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    Electron attachment and negative ion-molecule reactions in pure oxygen

    D. A. Parkes, Trans. Faraday Soc., 1971, 67, 711
    DOI: 10.1039/TF9716700711

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