Superconducting intercalation compounds of metal nitride halides

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Andrew M. Fogg, Victoria M. Green and Dermot O'Hare


The crystal structures of the layered host lattices, β-ZrNBr and β-HfNCl have been determined. They have been found to be isostructural with rhombohedral SmSI. New lithium intercalation compounds (LixMNX; M=Zr, Hf; X=Cl, Br, I) have been prepared by treatment of either β-ZrNBr, β-HfNCl, α-ZrNBr or α-ZrNI with an excess of BuLi in hexane. These intercalates are all superconducting and show transition temperatures (Tc) of 12, 20, 11 and 11 K respectively. The lithium intercalates of the host lattices β-ZrNBr, α-ZrNBr and α-ZrNI are the first examples of intercalation into these materials.

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