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Issue 30, 2017
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Self-assembly directed synthesis of Au nanorices induced by polyaniline and their enhanced peroxidase-like catalytic properties

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Abstract

The self-assembly of noble metal nanoparticles into new-fashioned one, two and three-dimensional structures is very important due to their superior properties in optics, electrics, catalysis, and chemical sensing compared with individual nanoparticles. Here, we first report a facile one-step approach that allows the fabrication of assembled Au nanorices induced by polyaniline (PANI). During the synthesis, a complex of HAuCl4-(3-aminopropyl)triethoxysilane (APTES) acts as both a soft template and an oxidant; then the reduction of HAuCl4 is accompanied by the oxidation of aniline, resulting in the formation of Au nanorices within a PANI matrix. The application of the prepared Au/PANI nanorices as enzyme mimics toward the oxidation of 3,3′,5,5′-tetramethylbenzidine (TMB) is demonstrated. The resultant Au/PANI nanorices display an enhanced peroxidase-like catalytic activity compared with individual Au nanospheres and PANI nanofibers alone, revealing a synergistic effect between Au and PANI components in the Au/PANI nanorices. The Au/PANI nanorices are also used as efficient surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) substrates for in situ monitoring of the oxidation process of TMB during the peroxidase-like catalytic reaction. On the basis of the SERS technique, a discernible detection level of H2O2 as low as 10−8 M is obtained. We envision that such a system may show more potential applications in biocatalysis, disease diagnosis and environmental monitoring.

Graphical abstract: Self-assembly directed synthesis of Au nanorices induced by polyaniline and their enhanced peroxidase-like catalytic properties

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
22 Apr 2017
Accepted
08 Jun 2017
First published
08 Jun 2017

J. Mater. Chem. C, 2017,5, 7465-7471
Article type
Paper

Self-assembly directed synthesis of Au nanorices induced by polyaniline and their enhanced peroxidase-like catalytic properties

W. Song, M. Chi, M. Gao, B. Zhao, C. Wang and X. Lu, J. Mater. Chem. C, 2017, 5, 7465
DOI: 10.1039/C7TC01761H

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