Bioelectronics with nanocarbons
Characterizing the electrical activity of cardiomyocytes and neurons is crucial in understanding the complex processes in the heart and brain tissues, both in healthy and diseased states. Micro- and nanotechnologies have significantly improved the electrophysiological investigation of cellular networks. Carbon-based nanomaterials or nanocarbons, such as carbon nanotubes (CNTs), nanodiamonds (NDs) and graphene are promising building blocks for bioelectronics platforms owing to their outstanding chemical and physical properties. In this review, we discuss the various bioelectronics applications of nanocarbons and their derivatives. Furthermore, we touch upon the challenges that remain in the field and describe the emergence of carbon-based hybrid-nanomaterials that will potentially address those limitations, thus improving the capabilities to investigate the electrophysiology of excitable cells, both as a network and at the single cell level.
- This article is part of the themed collections: Recent Review Articles and Journal of Materials Chemistry B Emerging Investigators