A silk-based coating containing GREDVY peptide and heparin on Mg–Zn–Y–Nd alloy: improved corrosion resistance, hemocompatibility and endothelialization
Magnesium (Mg) alloys have been intensively investigated as potential absorbable coronary stent materials as their use avoids risks such as late inflammation and restenosis generated by permanent metallic implants. Besides that, clinical trials on coronary stents fabricated from Mg alloys have made great progress recently. However, the over-rapid corrosion rate, magnesium corrosion-induced thrombosis formation and delayed endothelium regeneration continue to be problematic for coronary artery stent therapy. In this study, silk fibroin blended with heparin and GREDVY (Gly-Arg-Glu-Asp-Val-Tyr) peptide was immobilized on a HF-pretreated MgZnYNd alloy surface via a polydopamine layer to improve its corrosion resistance, blood compatibility and endothelialization. Standard electrochemical measurements along with the long-term immersion results indicated that the functionalized MgZnYNd alloy had preferable anti-corrosion abilities compared with the bare MgZnYNd alloy. The modified surface exhibited outstanding hemocompatibility with reduced platelet adhesion, hemolysis rate and prolonged blood coagulation time. Human umbilical vein endothelial cell (HUVEC) and vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) co-culture results revealed more attached HUVECs on the functionalized samples than on the MgZnYNd alloy surfaces. The excellent corrosion retardation, hemocompatibility and re-endothelialization of the multi-functional coating indicate a promising method in the field of biodegradable magnesium-based implantable cardiovascular stents.