Large-area assembly of halloysite nanotubes for enhancing the capture of tumor cells†
Here, polystyrene sulfonate sodium (PSS) modified Halloysite nanotubes (HNTs) were self-assembled into a patterned coating on a glass substrate with ordered nanotube arrays in a slit-like confined space. The microstructure of the formed patterned HNTs coating was investigated. The formed strips are more regular and almost parallel to each other with an increase in HNTs concentration. The HNTs coating formed from the 2% PSS-HNTs dispersion has the maximum nanotube alignment degree. The patterned HNTs coating was employed to capture tumor cells. The tumor cells can be captured by the HNTs coating effectively compared with a smooth glass surface due to the enhanced topographic interactions between the HNTs coating and cancer cells. The HNTs coating prepared from the 2% PSS-HNTs dispersion has the highest capture yield which is due to the ordered nanotube arrangement and the appropriate surface roughness. The HNTs coating was further conjugated with anti-EpCAM, which leads to the capture yield of MCF-7 cells reaching 92% within 3 h. The HNTs coating can capture 8 MCF-7 cells from 1 mL artificial blood samples spiked with 10 MCF-7 cells, showing the promising applications of HNTs in clinical circulating tumor cell capture for early diagnosis and monitoring of cancer patients.
- This article is part of the themed collection: 2017 Journal of Materials Chemistry B HOT Papers