UV crosslinked poly(acrylic acid): a simple method to bio-functionalize electrolyte-gated OFET biosensors†
A simple and time-saving wet method to endow the surface of organic semiconductor films with carboxyl functional groups is presented. A thin layer of poly(acrylic acid) (pAA) is spin-coated directly on the electronic channel of an electrolyte-gated organic FET (EGOFET) device and cross-linked by UV exposure without the need for any photo-initiator. The carboxyl functionalities are used to anchor phospholipid bilayers through the reaction with the amino-groups of phosphatidyl-ethanolamine (PE). By loading the membranes with phospholipids carrying specific functionalities, such a platform can be easily implemented with recognition elements. Here the case of biotinylated phospholipids that allow selective streptavidin electronic detection is described. The surface morphology and chemical composition are monitored using SEM and XPS, respectively, during the whole process of bio-functionalization. The electronic and sensing performance level of the EGOFET biosensing platform is also evaluated. Selective analyte (streptavidin) detection in the low pM range is achieved, this being orders of magnitude lower than the performance level obtained by the well assessed surface plasmon resonance assay reaching the nM level, at most.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Bioelectronics