Angiopep-pluronic F127-conjugated superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles as nanotheranostic agents for BBB targeting†
Pluronic® F127-modified water-dispersible poly(acrylic acid)-bound iron oxide (PF127-PAAIO) nanoparticles have been prepared as diagnostic agents. A blood–brain-barrier penetrating peptide, angiopep-2 (ANG), was further conjugated onto the surface of the PF127-PAAIO (ANG-PF127-PAAIO) for brain targeting. The ANG-PF127-PAAIO shows negligible cell cytotoxicity, better cellular uptake, and higher T2-weighted image enhancement than the PF127-PAAIO in U87 cells. Using an ex vivo blood–brain barrier (BBB) model, we showed that the ANG-PF127-PAAIO shows better permeability to bypass the BBB. This is because the ANG-PF127-PAAIO has a dual-targeting ability, recognition of the low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein and clathrin-mediated receptor on the U87 surface. Thus, the ANG-PF127-PAAIO is a potential nanotheranostic agent for brain dysfunction.