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Issue 27, 2019
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Layered metal vanadates with different interlayer cations for high-rate Na-ion storage

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Abstract

Layer-structured metal vanadates have been regarded as promising candidates for high-rate Na-ion storage. However, without a detailed understanding of the relationship between the interlayer metal ions and the cycling performance, it remains a difficult task to systematically explore layered metal vanadates as high performance electrode materials. Herein, a series of metal vanadates with different interlayer cations such as Co2+ and Zn2+ are prepared and applied as Na-ion battery anodes. First principles simulations and ex situ X-ray diffraction measurements demonstrate that the Na-ion storage performance of the layered metal vanadates is closely related to the structural stress induced by Na+ insertion, and the ion diffusion barrier, as well as the structural reversibility. In addition, a double-interlayer-cation metal vanadate, i.e., Co0.16Zn0.09V2O5·nH2O, is reported for the first time as a high-rate Na-ion battery anode. This compound successfully combines the favorable features of Co0.25V2O5·nH2O and Zn0.25V2O5·nH2O, resulting in the best cycling performance. CV analysis and operando X-ray diffraction measurements reveal a large pseudocapacitive contribution and small volume change of Co0.16Zn0.09V2O5·nH2O during cycling. Our study presents a versatile concept for the optimization of metal vanadates for Na-ion storage, which may open a promising direction for developing high-rate energy storage materials.

Graphical abstract: Layered metal vanadates with different interlayer cations for high-rate Na-ion storage

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Publication details

The article was received on 25 May 2019, accepted on 21 Jun 2019 and first published on 28 Jun 2019


Article type: Communication
DOI: 10.1039/C9TA05554A
J. Mater. Chem. A, 2019,7, 16109-16116
  • Open access: Creative Commons BY-NC license
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    Layered metal vanadates with different interlayer cations for high-rate Na-ion storage

    H. Huang, T. Tian, L. Pan, X. Chen, E. Tervoort, C. Shih and M. Niederberger, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2019, 7, 16109
    DOI: 10.1039/C9TA05554A

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