Acidic liquid-swollen polymer membranes exhibiting anhydrous proton conductivity higher than 100 mS cm−1 at around 100 °C†
Anhydrous proton-conductive membranes are prepared by incorporating sulfuric acid (H2SO4) into cross-linked poly(4-vinylpyridine) (CL-P), where H2SO4 mixes CL-P homogeneously at the molecular level, and therefore incorporated H2SO4 does not leach out from CL-P, even when the weight ratio of H2SO4 to CL-P is about four. The membranes are soft but self-standing and exhibit anhydrous conductivity higher than 100 mS cm−1 at around 100 °C. Furthermore, a membrane composed of polystyrene-b-poly(4-vinylpyridine)-b-polystyrene triblock copolymers and H2SO4 achieves not only high anhydrous conductivity but also good mechanical properties as a membrane.
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