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Issue 39, 2018
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Efficient intermediate-temperature steam electrolysis with Y : SrZrO3–SrCeO3 and Y : BaZrO3–BaCeO3 proton conducting perovskites

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Abstract

Ceramic proton conductors have the potential to become important components in future clean and efficient energy technologies. In this manuscript, barium cerium yttrium zirconate (Ba(Zr0.5Ce0.4)8/9Y0.2O2.9) and strontium cerium yttrium zirconate (SrZr0.5Ce0.4Y0.1O2.95), proton conducting perovskites were employed as solid oxide electrolysis cell (SOEC) electrolytes for hydrogen production via intermediate temperature steam electrolysis at 550 and 600 °C. Cathode-supported button cells examined for a 12 μm Ba(Zr0.5Ce0.4)8/9Y0.2O2.9 electrolyte, with Ni–SrZr0.5Ce0.4Y0.1O2.95 as the H2-electrode, and porous Ba0.5La0.5CoO3 as the anode reached current densities of 0.2 and 0.5 A cm−2 with applied voltage of 1.45 V, at 550 and 600 °C, respectively. Moreover, a hydrogen evolution rate of 127 μmol cm−2 per minute was achieved at 0.5 A cm−2, translating to a current efficiency of 82%. In addition, excellent cell performance was obtained using SrZr0.5Ce0.4Y0.1O2.95 as an electrolyte. Current densities of 0.2 and 0.5 A cm−2 were obtained at 600 °C with applied voltages of 1.28 and 1.63 V, achieving faradaic current efficiencies of 88 and 85%. The NiO–SrZr0.5Ce0.4Y0.1O3−δ composite cathode was more favorable for the densification of the supported Ba(Zr0.5Ce0.4)8/9Y0.2O2.9 electrolyte during sintering and could be promising for use as a cathode substrate in proton-conducting SOECs.

Graphical abstract: Efficient intermediate-temperature steam electrolysis with Y : SrZrO3–SrCeO3 and Y : BaZrO3–BaCeO3 proton conducting perovskites

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
01 May 2018
Accepted
18 Sep 2018
First published
20 Sep 2018

J. Mater. Chem. A, 2018,6, 19113-19124
Article type
Paper

Efficient intermediate-temperature steam electrolysis with Y : SrZrO3–SrCeO3 and Y : BaZrO3–BaCeO3 proton conducting perovskites

K. Leonard, Y. Okuyama, Y. Takamura, Y. Lee, K. Miyazaki, M. E. Ivanova, W. A. Meulenberg and H. Matsumoto, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2018, 6, 19113 DOI: 10.1039/C8TA04019B

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