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Issue 19, 2018
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Durable and robust transparent superhydrophobic glass surfaces fabricated by a femtosecond laser with exceptional water repellency and thermostability

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Abstract

Superhydrophobic self-cleaning glass surfaces with good transparency and robustness have diverse applications such as in windshields for automobiles, windows, anti-fouling mirrors, safety glasses, and solar panels. Superhydrophobicity requires high surface roughness, which inevitably results in the loss of surface transmittance. To resolve this contradiction, herein, we report a novel approach using an ultrafast laser direct-writing-dispersed micro-pit array to provide basic roughness, guarantee sufficient unprocessed surface area for high transparency, introduce multiple-laser processing within each pit to induce maximized nano-structure roughness, and then to hydrophobize the surface with a layer of fluoroalkylsilane molecules to achieve good superhydrophobicity. Moreover, distributed periodic micropits with self-organized micro–nano rods, nano-ripples, and nanoparticles were fabricated on silica glass. The glass surfaces show superhydrophobicity with a static contact angle (SCA) of 161° with a 4 μL water droplet, a sliding angle (SA) lower than 2° with a 5 μL water droplet, and transparency over 92% in the visible and near-infrared light. By various robust durability tests, we confirmed that these transparent superhydrophobic glass surfaces exhibited persistent water repellency after being soaked in water for at least 168 h, strong impact resistance of water impinging beyond 9 kg for half-an-hour, and thermal stability up to 500 °C. We report a simple and efficient approach to achieve large-area transparent superhydrophobic self-cleaning glass surfaces with excellent robustness and durability that show great application potential in related areas.

Graphical abstract: Durable and robust transparent superhydrophobic glass surfaces fabricated by a femtosecond laser with exceptional water repellency and thermostability

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Publication details

The article was received on 01 Mar 2018, accepted on 17 Apr 2018 and first published on 18 Apr 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8TA01965G
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. A, 2018,6, 9049-9056
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    Durable and robust transparent superhydrophobic glass surfaces fabricated by a femtosecond laser with exceptional water repellency and thermostability

    Y. Lin, J. Han, M. Cai, W. Liu, X. Luo, H. Zhang and M. Zhong, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2018, 6, 9049
    DOI: 10.1039/C8TA01965G

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