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Issue 16, 2018
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A scalable ternary SnO2–Co–C composite as a high initial coulombic efficiency, large capacity and long lifetime anode for lithium ion batteries

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Abstract

A new ternary SnO2–Co–C composite is produced using a facile and scalable ball milling method, which has a microstructure that includes refined SnO2–Co hybrids embedded in graphite. The Co additives dramatically inhibit Sn coarsening in the lithiated SnO2, which enables highly reversible conversion reactions in the SnO2-based ternary composite during cycling. The electrodes exhibit high ICEs with an average of 80.8% and a reversible capacity of 780 mA h g−1 at 0.2 A g−1 after 400 cycles when the composite was manufactured via small planetary ball milling, and they achieve 875 mA h g−1 after 250 cycles when the material is prepared on a large-scale with a roller mill. Even at a high rate of 2 A g−1, the composite has a long lifetime and delivers 610 mA h g−1 after 1000 cycles. Furthermore, a stable capacity of 410 mA h g−1 can be also retained in a full cell combined with a LiFePO4 cathode and SnO2–Co–C anode when cycling within 2.3–3.4 V at 0.2C. The new ternary SnO2–Co–C composite demonstrates excellent comprehensive electrochemical performances, and it is a promising candidate anode material for use in practical applications.

Graphical abstract: A scalable ternary SnO2–Co–C composite as a high initial coulombic efficiency, large capacity and long lifetime anode for lithium ion batteries

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
29 Jan 2018
Accepted
21 Mar 2018
First published
21 Mar 2018

J. Mater. Chem. A, 2018,6, 7206-7220
Article type
Paper

A scalable ternary SnO2–Co–C composite as a high initial coulombic efficiency, large capacity and long lifetime anode for lithium ion batteries

T. Liang, R. Hu, H. Zhang, H. Zhang, H. Wang, Y. Ouyang, J. Liu, L. Yang and M. Zhu, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2018, 6, 7206
DOI: 10.1039/C8TA00957K

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