Jump to main content
Jump to site search
Access to RSC content Close the message box

Continue to access RSC content when you are not at your institution. Follow our step-by-step guide.


Issue 12, 2018
Previous Article Next Article

High performance concentration capacitors with graphene hydrogel electrodes for harvesting salinity gradient energy

Author affiliations

Abstract

Salinity gradient energy (SGE) is the energy available from the salinity difference between freshwater and saltwater. Herein, we propose a concentration capacitor as a novel capacitive mixing (CapMix) technique to harvest SGE. The concentration capacitor comprises identical electrodes and a membrane that separates concentrated and diluted solutions that alternately flow through the capacitor. Graphene hydrogel (GH) electrodes and a filtration membrane (FM) or an anion exchange membrane (AEM) are used to construct GH//FM//GH and GH//AEM//GH concentration capacitors. These concentration capacitors show excellent performance in harvesting SGE, particularly the GH//AEM//GH concentration capacitor, whose voltage rise and average power density can reach 288.5 mV and 482.4 mW m−2, respectively, which are higher than those obtained with other CapMix techniques. The outstanding performance is associated with the double-channel construction, the membrane potential, and the macroporous structure and abundant negative charge of the GH electrodes. Our results show that the concentration capacitor is a promising approach for efficiently extracting SGE.

Graphical abstract: High performance concentration capacitors with graphene hydrogel electrodes for harvesting salinity gradient energy

Back to tab navigation

Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
19 Dec 2017
Accepted
18 Jan 2018
First published
18 Jan 2018

J. Mater. Chem. A, 2018,6, 4981-4987
Article type
Paper

High performance concentration capacitors with graphene hydrogel electrodes for harvesting salinity gradient energy

F. Zhan, Z. Wang, T. Wu, Q. Dong, C. Zhao, G. Wang and J. Qiu, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2018, 6, 4981
DOI: 10.1039/C7TA11070G

Social activity

Search articles by author

Spotlight

Advertisements