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Issue 32, 2017
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Air plasma etching towards rich active sites in Fe/N-porous carbon for the oxygen reduction reaction with superior catalytic performance

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Abstract

Herein, an electrocatalyst consisting of iron and nitrogen co-doped porous carbon (Fe–N/C) was prepared by catalytic carbonization of chitin with the assistance of FeCl3 and ZnCl2. The catalytic activity of Fe–N/C towards the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) in both acidic and alkaline electrolytes was significantly enhanced by air-plasma etching for only 120 s, showing a four-electron ORR process with an onset potential and limiting current comparable to those of Pt catalysts. This performance enhancement originated from the removal of less stable sp3 and amorphous sp2 carbons which would expose more active catalytic FeN4 centers, as well as the transformation of a small fraction of iron-based nanoparticles into FeN4 species.

Graphical abstract: Air plasma etching towards rich active sites in Fe/N-porous carbon for the oxygen reduction reaction with superior catalytic performance

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Article information


Submitted
09 Jun 2017
Accepted
17 Jul 2017
First published
17 Jul 2017

J. Mater. Chem. A, 2017,5, 16605-16610
Article type
Communication

Air plasma etching towards rich active sites in Fe/N-porous carbon for the oxygen reduction reaction with superior catalytic performance

W. Zhong, J. Chen, P. Zhang, L. Deng, L. Yao, X. Ren, Y. Li, H. Mi and L. Sun, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2017, 5, 16605
DOI: 10.1039/C7TA05035F

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