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Issue 14, 2015
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In situ Fe K-edge X-ray absorption spectroscopy study during cycling of Li2FeSiO4 and Li2.2Fe0.9SiO4 Li ion battery materials

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Abstract

In situ X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy (XAS) results are presented for Li2FeSiO4 and Li2.2Fe0.9SiO4, promising cathode materials for lithium-ion batteries. The aims are to establish the valence and local structure of Fe during charge and discharge to understand if the Fe3+/Fe4+ redox pair can be reached in the current battery design. It is found that the valence state changes between Fe2+ and Fe3+, with no evidence of Fe4+ before the onset of electrolyte degradation. There is a reversible contraction and extension of the Fe–O bond lengths during cycling while the Fe–Si distance remains constant, which underlines the stability of the Li2FeSiO4 material. The same observations apply to Li2.2Fe0.9SiO4 cathode material indicating that changing the stoichiometry does not provide any additional structural stability.

Graphical abstract: In situ Fe K-edge X-ray absorption spectroscopy study during cycling of Li2FeSiO4 and Li2.2Fe0.9SiO4 Li ion battery materials

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Article information


Submitted
19 Nov 2014
Accepted
24 Feb 2015
First published
25 Feb 2015

J. Mater. Chem. A, 2015,3, 7314-7322
Article type
Paper
Author version available

In situ Fe K-edge X-ray absorption spectroscopy study during cycling of Li2FeSiO4 and Li2.2Fe0.9SiO4 Li ion battery materials

A. W. Brownrigg, G. Mountjoy, A. V. Chadwick, M. Alfredsson, W. Bras, J. Billaud, A. R. Armstrong, P. G. Bruce, R. Dominko and E. M. Kelder, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2015, 3, 7314
DOI: 10.1039/C4TA06305H

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