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Issue 32, 2014
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High performance lithium–sulfur batteries: advances and challenges

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The development of high-energy batteries is highly attractive for powering advanced communication equipment and electric vehicles in future. Lithium–sulfur batteries have attracted much attention in recent years due to their low cost, high theoretical specific capacity and energy density. However, lithium–sulfur batteries have not been commercialized because of their intrinsic shortcomings, including the insulation of the active cathode materials, the high solubility of lithium polysulfides in organic liquid electrolytes, and the lithium dendrite in the anode. In this feature article, recent research progress in cathode materials, electrolytes, anode materials, and others is reviewed and commented upon. Some perspectives and directions on future development of lithium–sulfur batteries are pointed out based on knowledge from previous studies and our experience.

Graphical abstract: High performance lithium–sulfur batteries: advances and challenges

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The article was received on 27 Apr 2014, accepted on 03 Jun 2014 and first published on 04 Jun 2014

Article type: Feature Article
DOI: 10.1039/C4TA02097A
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J. Mater. Chem. A, 2014,2, 12662-12676

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    High performance lithium–sulfur batteries: advances and challenges

    G. Xu, B. Ding, J. Pan, P. Nie, L. Shen and X. Zhang, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2014, 2, 12662
    DOI: 10.1039/C4TA02097A

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