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Issue 28, 2013
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One-step waferscale synthesis of 3-D ZnO nanosuperstructures by designed catalysts for substantial improvement of solar water oxidation efficiency

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Abstract

We investigated a rational mechanism for one-step waferscale synthesis of ZnO three dimensional (3-D) nanosuperstructures using designed catalysts via chemical vapor deposition. By precisely engineering the morphology and chemistry of the catalysts, we obtained 3-D nanosuperstructures from one dimensional (1-D) nanowire and two-dimensional (2-D) network catalysts (porous gold) in one-step. Tuning the material chemistry along the lengths of the nanowire catalysts yielded 3-D ZnO nanosuperstructures with distinct morphology on each segment. The growth mechanism and roles of chemistry of catalysts in growth of ZnO nanosuperstructures were studied. Compared with nanowire arrays synthesized from commonly used zero-dimensional (0-D) dot catalysts, 3-D nanosuperstructures significantly enhanced water oxidation efficiency by 150%. This work may inspire a new general paradigm for synthesis of 3-D semiconductor nanostructures as electrode materials for various energy related applications.

Graphical abstract: One-step waferscale synthesis of 3-D ZnO nanosuperstructures by designed catalysts for substantial improvement of solar water oxidation efficiency

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Publication details

The article was received on 11 Apr 2013, accepted on 29 May 2013 and first published on 29 May 2013


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C3TA11462G
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. A, 2013,1, 8111-8117
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    One-step waferscale synthesis of 3-D ZnO nanosuperstructures by designed catalysts for substantial improvement of solar water oxidation efficiency

    C. Liu, X. Xu, A. J. E. Rettie, C. B. Mullins and D. L. Fan, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2013, 1, 8111
    DOI: 10.1039/C3TA11462G

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