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Issue 19, 2013
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Conjugated polymers consisting of quinacridone and quinoxaline as donor materials for organic photovoltaics: orientation and charge transfer properties of polymers formed by phenyl structures with a quinoxaline derivative

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Abstract

In this study, a highly soluble poly[quinacridone-alt-quinoxaline] series (PQCQx, PQCTQx, PQCTPz) was synthesized through the Suzuki coupling reaction by introducing planar quinacridone and highly soluble quinoxaline. The polymers were soluble in general organic solvents, and the Mn was 15.6–85.0 kg mol−1. The optical band gap energy was 1.82–1.97 eV, which was similar to the band gap of a benzothiadiazole derivative. The HOMO and LUMO levels of the polymers were −5.32 to −5.46 eV and −3.40 to 3.50 eV, respectively. According to XRD measurements, the PQCQx and PQCTPz showed the formation of an ordered lamellar structure and conventional edge-on π-stacking, while the PQCTQx showed face-on formation relative to the substrate. This study also evaluated the OPV characteristics by fabricating a bulk-heterojunction-type polymer solar cell. For the device structure of ITO/PEDOT:PSS/active layer (PQCTQx:PC71BM = 1 : 2 with DIO)/PFN/Al, the values of open-circuit voltage (VOC), short-circuit current (JSC), fill factor (FF) and power conversion efficiency (PCE) were 0.85 V, 7.6 mA cm−2, 54.9%, and 3.6%, respectively.

Graphical abstract: Conjugated polymers consisting of quinacridone and quinoxaline as donor materials for organic photovoltaics: orientation and charge transfer properties of polymers formed by phenyl structures with a quinoxaline derivative

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Publication details

The article was received on 03 Feb 2013, accepted on 18 Mar 2013 and first published on 18 Mar 2013


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C3TA10512A
J. Mater. Chem. A, 2013,1, 6010-6020

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    Conjugated polymers consisting of quinacridone and quinoxaline as donor materials for organic photovoltaics: orientation and charge transfer properties of polymers formed by phenyl structures with a quinoxaline derivative

    H. Song, D. Kim, E. Lee and D. Moon, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2013, 1, 6010
    DOI: 10.1039/C3TA10512A

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