Modeling of active swimmer suspensions and their interactions with the environment
In this article, we review mathematical models used to study the behaviour of suspensions of micro-swimmers and the accompanying biophysical phenomena, with specific focus on stimulus response. The methods discussed encompass a range of interactions exhibited by the micro-swimmers; including passive hydrodynamic (gyrotaxis) and gravitational (gravitaxis) effects, and active responses to chemical cues (chemotaxis) and light intensities (phototaxis). We introduce the simplest models first, and then build towards more sophisticated recent developments, in the process, identifying the limitations of the former and the new results obtained by the latter. We comment on the accuracy/validity of the models adopted, based on the agreement between theoretical results and experimental observations. We conclude by identifying some of the open problems and associated challenges faced by researchers in the realm of active suspensions.