Transient inhomogeneous flow patterns in supercooled liquids under shear
Supercooled liquids and other soft glassy systems show characteristic spatial inhomogeneities in their local dynamical properties. Using detailed molecular dynamics simulations, we find that for sufficiently low temperatures and sufficiently high shear rates supercooled liquids also show transient inhomogeneous flow patterns (shear banding) in the start-up of steady shear flow, similar to what has already been observed for many other soft glassy systems. We verify that the onset of transient shear banding coincides quite well with the appearance of a stress overshoot for temperatures in the supercooled regime. We find that the slower bands adapt less well to the imposed deformation and therefore accumulate higher shear stresses compared to the fast bands at comparable local shear rates. Our results also indicate that the shear rates of the fast and slow bands are adjusted such that the local dissipation rate is approximately the same in both bands.