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Issue 33, 2014
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Ordered liquids and hydrogels from alkenyl succinic ester terminated bola-amphiphiles for large-scale applications

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Abstract

The present study describes an economic and scalable approach to aqueous mesophases from bola-amphiphiles (BA) obtained via nucleophilic addition of dimer fatty acid based α,ω-polyesterdiols (PES) on cyclic acid anhydrides and conversion of the carboxylic end groups into ammonium salts. Novel bola-amphiphilic head groups are introduced using alkenyl succinic anhydrides (ASA). The additional terminal hydrophobic side chains favour the self-assembly of polymeric BA of different molecular weights into nanoscale anisotropic objects, their shape and ordering into nematic or lamellar-like phases being dependent on the length and structural uniformity of the ASA chains. Corresponding diester based on C15 (hydrogenated bisphenol-A, HBA) and C8 (1,4-cyclohexanedimethanol, CHDM) spacers have been prepared and the self-assembly of the resulting BA in water has been studied using SAXS, 2H-NMR and optical polarization microscopy. While the rigid C8 spacer impedes any ordering, ASA capped C15 tends to form ordered hydrogels over extended regions of the phase diagram that resemble mesh phases and Lα/L3 polymorphism. Rheological and simulation results confirm the presence of elastically responding bicontinuous morphologies and biased porous assemblies resembling interconnected mesh phases. Both the use of the dimer fatty acid based spacer as well as of ASA head groups open up large-scale applications of ordered liquids (or hydrogels) as a formulation basis for e.g. films, coatings and adhesives.

Graphical abstract: Ordered liquids and hydrogels from alkenyl succinic ester terminated bola-amphiphiles for large-scale applications

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
20 May 2014
Accepted
13 Jun 2014
First published
16 Jun 2014

This article is Open Access

Soft Matter, 2014,10, 6237-6248
Article type
Paper
Author version available

Ordered liquids and hydrogels from alkenyl succinic ester terminated bola-amphiphiles for large-scale applications

T. Lohmeier, M. Bredol, E. Schreiner and H. Hintze-Bruening, Soft Matter, 2014, 10, 6237
DOI: 10.1039/C4SM01102C

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