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Issue 40, 2012
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Production of particles of therapeutic proteins at the air–water interface during compression/dilation cycles

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Abstract

Particles in protein therapeutics are undesirable because they may have the potential for causing adverse immunogenicity in patients. Agitation-induced exposure to the air–water interface during manufacturing, shipping, and administration can cause particle formation in therapeutic protein products. We systematically studied how application of surface pressure during periodic interfacial compressions caused a model monoclonal antibody to form particles. Above a critical interfacial compression ratio of 5 we observed a dramatic increase in the rate of protein particle formation. During continuous interfacial compression/dilation cycles, particle numbers increased but the particle size distribution remained unchanged. When cyclic compressions were halted, particles did not nucleate additional particles or grow further in bulk solution suggesting that they are formed only at the air–water interface. In fact, we found that particles in the bulk slowly decreased in number upon standing. The rate of particle formation was only weakly dependent on both the bulk protein concentration and the period of cyclical interfacial compressions. These observations are consistent with the interfacial aggregation of proteins during periods of high surface pressure, followed by collapse of the adsorbed layer and detachment of protein particles from the interface into the bulk.

Graphical abstract: Production of particles of therapeutic proteins at the air–water interface during compression/dilation cycles

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Article information


Submitted
23 May 2012
Accepted
15 Aug 2012
First published
24 Aug 2012

Soft Matter, 2012,8, 10329-10335
Article type
Paper

Production of particles of therapeutic proteins at the air–water interface during compression/dilation cycles

J. S. Bee, D. K. Schwartz, S. Trabelsi, E. Freund, J. L. Stevenson, J. F. Carpenter and T. W. Randolph, Soft Matter, 2012, 8, 10329
DOI: 10.1039/C2SM26184G

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