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Issue 4, 2011
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Ageing and collapse in gels with long-range attractions

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Abstract

We report measurements on the ageing dynamics of a colloid–polymer mixture with a large polymer–colloid size ratio of 0.62. Quenched into a two-phase region the system gels and forms a network with a characteristic radius Rc. We find three distinct regimes in the time evolution of Rc(t), reminiscent of the linear, late and gravity-dominated regimes of coarsening seen in classical spinodal decomposition kinetics of binary fluids. In the early stages of gelation, we observe a peak in the time-dependent structure factor S(q, t) which is stationary in q and grows in intensity characteristic of a linear-Cahn regime. The domain size then coarsens continuously with the age t of the sample. In the late stages the domain size follows the approximate algebraic law, Rctθ. The growth exponent θ is a strong function of the quench depth: for small polymer concentrations θ is significantly larger than for large polymer concentrations. The gel networks formed are transient, and in the final stages of phase separation, collapse under gravity when the correlation length of the gel becomes ∼ 2π times the capillary length.

Graphical abstract: Ageing and collapse in gels with long-range attractions

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Article information


Submitted
03 Jul 2010
Accepted
21 Oct 2010
First published
15 Nov 2010

Soft Matter, 2011,7, 1341-1351
Article type
Paper

Ageing and collapse in gels with long-range attractions

L. J. Teece, M. A. Faers and P. Bartlett, Soft Matter, 2011, 7, 1341
DOI: 10.1039/C0SM00626B

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