A color-tunable single-component luminescent molecule with multiple emission centers†
For achieving smart materials with color-tunable emissions, the development of single-component systems exhibiting high durability and stability is desired but remains challenging, in comparison to multicomponent systems. Here, a single-component luminescent molecule (3-SPhF) with colorful emissions is successfully reported through different expressions of triplet excitons in radiative transitions. The time-resolved spectra confirm the existence of delayed fluorescence (τ = 282.5 μs), monomeric phosphorescence (τ = 497.7 ms) and aggregated-state phosphorescence (τ = 230.0 ms) in the crystal powder of 3-SPhF, which affords time-dependent afterglow and excitation-dependent emissions in a steady state. Furthermore, the relationships between ultra-long luminescence and stacking of the dibenzofuran group in single crystals are explored, providing evidence for the regularity of multiple emission centers in single-component compounds with dibenzofuran substituents.