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Issue 33, 2018
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Accelerated active phase transformation of NiO powered by Pt single atoms for enhanced oxygen evolution reaction

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Abstract

Phase transformation of electrode materials widely occurs in electrocatalytic reactions. Metal oxides are promising electrocatalysts for the oxygen evolution reaction (OER); their phase transformation is a key step for the multi-electron OER, and requires extra overpotential. However, little attention has been paid to accelerating and enhancing the phase transformation. Here, we report for the first time that single-atom Pt incorporated into the bulk crystalline phase of porous NiO nanocubes (0.5 wt% Pt/NiO) can greatly promote the active phase (NiOOH) evolution. The Pt doping was achieved by a scalable nanocasting approach using SiO2 as the hard template. In comparison with Pt/NiO samples with PtO2 nanoparticles segregated at the NiO surface (1 wt% Pt), as well as atomistic Pt atoms solely bound at the surface by atomic layer deposition, the bulk Pt doping shows the strongest power in facilitating active phase transformation, which leads to improved OER activity with reduced overpotential and Tafel slope. Experiential data revealed that the charge-transfer from Pt to Ni through O leads to a local weaker Ni–O bond. First principles calculations confirmed that rather than acting as an active site for the OER, monatomic Pt effectively increases the phase transformation rate by reducing the migration barrier of nearby Ni atoms. Our discoveries reveal the relationships of the heteroatom doped structure and phase transformation behavior during the electrochemical process and offer a new route for designing high-performance electrocatalysts.

Graphical abstract: Accelerated active phase transformation of NiO powered by Pt single atoms for enhanced oxygen evolution reaction

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Publication details

The article was received on 04 May 2018, accepted on 15 Jul 2018 and first published on 16 Jul 2018


Article type: Edge Article
DOI: 10.1039/C8SC02015A
Citation: Chem. Sci., 2018,9, 6803-6812
  • Open access: Creative Commons BY-NC license
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    Accelerated active phase transformation of NiO powered by Pt single atoms for enhanced oxygen evolution reaction

    C. Lin, Y. Zhao, H. Zhang, S. Xie, Y. Li, X. Li, Z. Jiang and Z. Liu, Chem. Sci., 2018, 9, 6803
    DOI: 10.1039/C8SC02015A

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